What Healthcare Providers Can Do to Decrease antimicrobial Resistance
Minimizing antimicrobial resistance is a very important task for everyone, care giver, care provider and the recipients alike. Here are a few management approaches Healthcare Providers can adopt.
Withhold Antibiotics antimicrobials when used in the wrong situation have no effect. Instances such as self-limited viral infections like the common cold, viral diarrhea and conjunctivitis, symptomatic treatment and supportive measures are the most ideal and appropriate care options.
Narrow Spectrum Antimicrobial Agents should be the first line drugs for treating microbial infections. For instance, a Streptococcal throat infection should be treated with mild penicillin rather than a broad spectrum cephalosporin. This efficient ipso facto the offending critter is known to be susceptible to the narrow spectrum antibiotic.
The Choice of Antibiotic Spectrum should be based on severity of illness. Instances where a patient is clinically stable and is not at risk of death, it may be more appropriate to begin a narrow spectrum agent while awaiting the results of a culture and sensitivity test.
Hand Hygiene. Breaking the cycle of infection through careful hygiene especially hand-washing and other such measures significantly controls the spread of pathogens. This is seemingly trivial but zealous hand-washing by healthcare professionals can prevent many cases of infection due to virulent and antibiotic-resistant pathogens.
Education Campaigns can significantly impact on antimicrobial resistance. Educating patients can lead to success in therapeutic and preventive goals. Patients and caregivers should be enlightened as to when and how antibiotics should be administered. In this way, early detection of therapeutic failure can be detected which is significant when treating patients infected with resistant pathogenic microorganisms. Education campaigns can also be used to curb purchase and use of cleaning solutions containing antimicrobials and the use of feed lot antibiotics.